What Is Visual Processing Disorder?

Vision refers not just to eyesight but also the visual centers in the brain responsible for processing information and understanding what the eye sees, including various symbols, distances, and pictures. Any weakness can lead to visual processing disorder in kids. Although there are ways to compensate for these weaknesses, visual processing disorder may present lifelong challenges. Most of the time kids having this disorder feel uncomfortable in socializing and that impacts their self-esteem and confidence; they become frustrated and withdrawn.

Signs of Visual Processing Disorder in Kids:

As parents or teachers, sometimes it can be difficult to recognize the signs and symbols of visual processing disorder. But once recognized it becomes easier for the Preschool teachers to provide proper support to the child facing the problems. Kids with visual processing disorder may display these signs:

  • Does not respond to visual tasks
  • Gets easily distracted
  • Shows lack interest in video presentations, video games, and movies.
  • Frequently bumps into things
  • Shows difficulty in writing within margins and lines
  • Demonstrate poor reading and comprehension skills
  • Skips words or lines while reading or copying
  • Complains of eye strain
  • Can not identify the changes in signs, bulletin boards, and posters
  • Get easily confused with almost similar-looking symbols or objects
  • Shows below average reading and writing skills, despite strong oral and verbal abilities
What Causes Visual processing Disorders?

According to the teachers of Preschool Palos Verdes Estates, CA, these problems arise when the brain fails to accurately receive and read the visual instructions sent by the eyes. Sometimes extremely low birth weight or having been very preterm may lead to these problems. Mild traumatic injury to the visual centers of the brain might also cause the disorder.

Different Types of Visual processing Disorders :

There are mainly eight different types of visual processing disorders. Kids can have one or more than one kind of disorders at a time.

  1. Visual Discrimination Issues – In this kids experience difficulty in seeing the difference between two similar-looking letters, shapes, or objects.
  2. Visual Figure-Ground Discriminating Issues – Kids having this kind of disorder are unable to isolate a shape or character from its background.
  3. Visual Sequencing Issues – In this case, children face difficulty in recognizing the order of symbols, words, or images.
  4. Visual-Motor Processing Issues – Daycarechildren having this disorder show difficulty in coordinating the movement of certain body parts that rely on getting a signal from the eyes. Like, they are unable to walk around without getting bumped into things.
  5. Long or Short-Term Visual Memory Issues – This causes trouble in recalling what they have seen soon after they see it.
  6. Visuospatial Issues – Kids having this disorder demonstrate difficulty in telling where an object is in the space.
  7. Visual Closure Issues – In this case, kids are unable to identify an object by seeing a part of the object. They experience visual closure issues.
  8. Letter and Symbol Reversal Issues – Kids get confused with similar-looking words and letters. This problem can also lead to dyslexia, dyscalculia, or dysgraphia.